Technological instrumentation has led to the development of surgical techniques for the diagnosis and repair of joint disorders. In the late 1960's, knee arthroscopy was developed. In the late 1980's, small joint arthroscopy was developed by orthopaedic and podiatric surgeons and adapted to foot and ankle joints.
Dr. Cook may identify a potential problem with a foot or ankle joint after examining the lower extremity. Arthroscopic surgery may be recommended to confirm a diagnosis or perform a surgical procedure within a joint using an arthroscopic instrument. For example, needle-like probes enter the joint through a small opening of the skin. Dr. Cook introduces a tiny camera to inspect the joint. Then may also insert surgical instruments through another small incision to perform additional procedures within the joint
Unlike traditional joint surgery that requires large incisions to expose the joint, arthroscopy uses small openings to examine the joint. By eliminating the need for large incisions, arthroscopy reduces the risk of infection and swelling. Arthroscopy is often a "same day" procedure allowing the patient to return home after surgery. Dr. Cook will discuss all aspects of surgery with you.